C – SIGILS

Dictionary of Occult – Hermetic and Alchemical Sigils

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 CABBALISTIC SCRIPT See HEBRAIC SCRIPT


CADENT

Ast. Modern sigil given by DE VORE 1947 for both the ‘cadent house’ and the ‘cadent sign’ :


CAHETHEL

Génie 08

 

vocale : Cahethel
évocation du 5° au 9°59′ du taureau,
domine les 7° bélier / 19° gémeaux / 1° vierge / 13° scorpion / 25° capricorne
chaque jour durant 20′, 2h20′ aprés le lever du soleil.
Il règne sur le physique et les actes de ceux qui sont né du 26 au 30 avril.

 


CAIM

The 53d spirit is called Caim, he is a great president & appeareth in ye forme of a Bird called a Thrush at first, but after a while he putteth on yeshape of a man carring in his hand a sharp sword; he seemeth to answare in Burning ashes, he is a good disputer, his office is to give men yeunderstanding of all Birds, loweing of Bullocks, Barking of doggs & other Creatures, and also ye Noise of waters, and [he] giveth very true answares of Things to come; he was of ye order of angels, & now Ruleth 30 Legions of Infernall spirits; his seal is This, wch wear as a Lamin.


CALAMINE

Alc. SIGNA 17C

GESSMANN 1906


CALCINATE

Alc. The most cccunon mediaeval sigils appear as part of a compound in the form recorded by FRANCKLYN 1627 :

ALCHYMIA 1563

FRANCKLYN 1627

SHELTON 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701

POISSON 1891

GESSMANN 1906

LUEDY 1928

SCHNEIDER 1962

See also CALCINATION


CALCINATED ALUM

Alc. SHELTON 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701


CALCINATED BRASS See AES USTUM


CALCINATED COPPER See AES USTUM


CALCINATED GOLD

Alc. Two ancient Greek sigils arc recorded by

BERTHELOT 1385 :

DIDEROT 1763

GESSMANN 1906

A mediaeval sigil recorded by GESSMANN 1906 perhaps refers to the alchemical process of ‘calcination of gold’ :


CALCINATED HARTSHORN

Alc. SOMMERHOFF 1701

GESSMANN 1906


CALCINATED LEAD

Alc. Two sigils from the Greek alchemical tradition are recorded by BERTHELOT 1885

SOMMERHOFF 1701

GESSMANN 1906


CALCINATED SILVER

Alc. Two sigils are recorded from the Greek alchemic tradition by BERTHELOT 1885

The sigils recorded by SOMMERHOFF 1701

and that derived from this source by GESSMANN 1906

probably refer to the alchemical process of ‘silver calcination’ .


CALCINATED TARTAR

Alc. ALCHEMICAL 17C

GESSMANN 1906


CALCINATED TIN

Alc. A sigil derived from the Greek alchemical tradition is recorded by BERTHELOT 1885 :


CALCINATED VITRIOL

Alc. SHELTON 17C


CALCINATION

Alc. MICHAELSPACHER 1616 gives the sigil

next to the sigil for the sign or constellation Aries, either tc symbolise the alchemical process of calcination or (less likely) the alchemical ANTIMONY See CALCINATE.


CALIEL

Génie 18

vocale : calïel
évocation du 25° au 29°59′ des gémeaux,
domine les 17° bélier / 29° gémeaux / 11° vierge / 23° scorpion / 5° verseau
chaque jour durant 20′, 5h40′ aprés le lever du soleil.
Il règne sur le physique et les actes de ceux qui sont né du 16 au 21 juin.

 


CALX

Alc. The sigils sometimes clearly refer to the ancient meaning of lime or QUICKLIME, sometimes to the more modern meaning of the powder or friable substance obtained by the calcination of metals or minerals.

CROLLIUS 1670

VALENTINE 1671

SHELTON 17C

SIGNA 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701

LUEDY 1928

SCHNEIDER 1962

See also CALX CHYMICUS, CALX METALLORUM, CALX OVORUM and CALX TARTARIS

Under the heading Calx SOMMERHOFF 1701 lists also Calx Saturni :

Calx Soils

and Calx Veneris :


CALX CHYMICUS

Alc. Mediaeval sigils recorded by ALCHEMICAL 17C :


CALX METALLORUM

Alc. A large number of mediaeval sigils is recorded by GESSMANN 1906, of which the following are worth recording :


CALX OVORUM

Alc. WORLIDGE 1651

SCHNEIDER 1962

CALX SOLIS See CALX


CALX TARTARIS

Alc. WORLIDGE 1651

VALENTINE 1671

But see also CALX


CALX VIVA See QUICKLIME


CAMAEL

Demon – CAMAEL « the destroyer »

Mag. Mediaeval sigil for the ‘angel’ of Mars (The destroyer) , given by BARRETT 1801, but derived from the ‘angel’ given by TRITHEMIUS 1503 for SAMAEL :


CAMBRIEL

Mag. Sigil for geomantic spirit given by HEYDON 1664, perhaps in error from AGRIPPA 1531 :


CAMPHOR

Alc. SIGNA 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701

DIDEROT 1763

GESSMANN 1906

POISSON 1891

ALBERTUS 1974


CANANEAN SCRIPT

Occ. One of che numerous scripts preserved under this name is the version given in relation to the Roman alphabet by RIVIERE 1938

This secret alphabet was originated for the Hebrew alphabet (see for example HEBRAIC SCRIPT) , and has been taken over from one of the several versions called the CHALDEAN SCRIPT :


CANCER

Ast. Sigils for the zodiacal sign of the Crab, used indiscriminately for the constellation of the same nane. Printed version of the sigil derived from one of several related forms in the Graeco-Byzantine tradition (see NEUGEBAUER 1959 below), given by HYGINUS 1482 :

Said by AGRIPPA 1510 to be based on the movement of the crab/ though this is entirely fanciful.

Ancient Egyptian (demotic) :

BERLIN 42AD

STOBART 2C

SPIEGELBERG 1911

Graeco- Byzantine, c.500AD :

NEUGEBAUER 1959

ASTROLOGICAL 14C

JANUA 14C

LEUPOLDI 14C

MANSIONIBUS 1482

ASTROLOGICAL 15C

BONATTI 15C

QUADRANTIS 15C

TABLES 15C

SCHYNAGEL 1500

HERMETIS 16C

SIGILLIS 17C

TRITHEMIUS 1650

ASTROLOGY 17C

TRACTS 17C

VALLEMONT 1707

WELLING 1735

STEINER 1906

STEINER 1910

SUCHER 1958

BURCKHARDT 1967

EBERTIN 1970

RUDHYAR 1970

SUCHER 1958

LEUPOLDI 14C gives a sigil for the constellation Cancer

As does AGRIPPA 1510 :

See also COSMIC EGG, MOON ARCANUM and SPIRIT OF CANCER


CANE

Alc. Two mediaeval sigils recorded by GESSMANN 1906


CANIS

Ast. Sigil for the 13th lunar mansion, called Al Awwa in the Arabic system, given in MANSIONES 14C :


CANIS MAJOR

Ast. Mediaeval sigil for the binary alpha Canis Major is, sometimes called Sirius, given in HERMETCS 13C :

A related variant is given by AGRIPPA 1510, which has become the standard sigil in astrology :


CANIS MINOR

Ast. Mediaeval sigil for the binary alpha Canis Minoris, sometimes called Procyon, given in HERMETIS 13C :

A related variant given in AGRIPPA 1510 has become the standard sigil in astrology :

EVANS 1922


CAPELLA

Ast. Mediaeval sigil for the fixed star alpha Aurigae, given in HERMETIS 13C under the name of ALAYOCH

this sigil was wrongly transmitted by AGRIPPA 1510, with the result that the sigil in common use may be confused with that for ALDEBARAN.

The CUPELLA is sometimes called as ‘capella’. See also ALAYOCH


CAPILLUS

Ast. Sigil for the eleventh lunar mansion, called Al Zubrah in the Arabic astrological system, given by MANSIONES 14C :

A sigil for the amulet linked with this mansion, called Venter Leonis, is recorded by ABANO 1303 :


CAPRICORN

Ast. Zodiacal sign of the Goat-fish, frequently mis-termed the Goat : the sigils are used indiscriminately for the constellation of the same name, AGRIPPA 1531 derives the mediaeval sigil from the tail of the goat, but rhis is entirely fanciful, and it is likely that the common form is derived from the duality of the goat-fish form.

The printed version is from the manuscript tradition, as given by HYGINUS 1482

FIRMICUS 1499

LILLY 1647

The sigils for this sign are numerous/ and to avoid confusion the entries below have been set out in three sections – MODERN VARIANTS, COMMON VARIANTS (on the modern farms), and RARE forms.

MODERN VARIANTS

SIBLY 1790

CHRISTIAN 1870

MODERN ASTROLOGY 1899

VREEDE 1954

NEUGEBAUER 1959

BURCKHARDT 1967

CIRLOT 1962

HADES 1969

NEERACHER 1967

SUCHER 1970

COMMON VARIANTS

HOROSCOPES 15C

SCHYNAGEL 1500

DARIOT 1557

PICCOLOMINI 1558

GIUNTINI 1583

AGRIPPA 16C

HERMETIS 16C

MARY 16C

SMITH 18C

BLUNDEVILLE 1602

HOROSCOPE 1614

ALCHEMICAL 17C

LUCCA 17C

RULES 17C

TABLE 17C

VALLEMONT 1707

WELLING 1735

GEHEIME 1785

CARRICHTERUS 18C

SYSTEMES 18C

RARE

Ancient Egyptian (demotic) : BERLIN 42AD

STOBART 2C

SPIEGELBERG 1911

ASTROLOGICA 14C

DESTINATIONUM 14C

JANUA 14C

LEOPOLDI 14C

MANSTONIBUS 1482

ASTROLOGICAL 15C

BONATTI 15C

FREGOSUS 15C

QUADRANTIS 15C

TABLES 15C

LAMBECIUS 15C

TRITHEMIUS 1503

AGRIPPA 1510

THURNEYSSER 1570

THURNEYSSER 1574

BLUNDEVILLE 1602

ASTROLOGICAL 1650

HEYDON 1650

BELOT 1667

ASTROLOGY 17C

LEROY 17C

MAGICI 17C

PROWSSE 17C

SIGILLIS 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701

FREHER 1717

PYTHAGORAS 18C

WILSON 1820

GESSMANN 1906

SUCHER 1975

LUEDY 1928 records a related sigil from the Syrian astrological tradition :

LEUPOLDI 14C gives a sigil for the constellation :

See also SPIRIT OF CAPRICORN


CAPUT

Ast . Usually the single word caput in an astrological context refers to caput draaonis, ‘the dragon’s head, originally an astrological term, but now used in astrological, alchemical and geomantic contexts. The term in its astrological sense refers te the Moor’s north Node, the point at which the ascendinq orbit of the Moon intersects the ecliptic. The sigil most commonly used is mediaeval in origin, derived from the ancient Greek (see NODE), as for example the form given by LILLY 1647 :

The enrry below is divided into two pares – one listing the astrological and alchemical sigils, the ether listing the georaantic sigils.

ASTROLOGICAL AND ALCHEMICAL

ASTROLOGICA 14C

JANUA 14C

CANONES 15C

BONATTI 15C

SIGNIFICATIONES 15C

TABULAE 15C

SCHYNAGEL 1500

DEUTSCHE 1961

A mediaeval abbreviation is given by CHASSANT 1884 :

It is not uncommon fox medorn epheroerides to give this sigil in a form which may be confused with that more accurately used for LEO :

GEOMANTIC

The most common form is that used for one of the sixteen geomantic figures :

This caput draconis is linked by AGRIPPA 1531 with the element Earth and the zodiacal sign Virgo : a multitude of variants (stars, dots, floral devices, etc.) is used to denote the same fourfold arrangement. The following sigils are from late mediaeval sources, and arc sometimes used in astrological and magical contexts to connote the force and nature of astrological caput (above) us for example in TRITHEMIUS 1503.

AGRIPPA 1531

the same source gives also the form

which is surely wrong.

HEYDON 1664 records a sigil

which is also incorrect.


CAPUT ALGOL

Ast. Mediaeval sigil for fixed star reputed to be the most evil in the skies, the modern beta Persei , given by HERMETIS 13C in an original form :

EVANS 1922 (mediaeval) :

A related variant is recorded by AGRIPPA 1510, which has become the standard modern form for the sigil :


CAPUT ARIETIE See CORNUA ARIETIS


CAPUT CANCRI See OCULUS


CAPUT CANIS

Ast. The 5th of the lunar mansions, called Al Hak’ah in the Arabic astrological systen, a sigil for which is yiven by

MANSIONES 14C

A sigil, or group of sigils, linked with this mansion (under the nane of finis Tauri et Ceminorum), is recorded for amulotic use by ABANO 1303 :

CAPUT DRACONIS See CAPUT


CAPUT MORTUUM

Alc. Usually this alchemical residue is signified by a vestigial drawing of a human skull, the ‘death’s head’, but one or   two other variants exist :

WORLIDGE 1651

VALENTINE 1671

SIGNA 17C

ALCHEMICAL 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701

CARRICHTERUS 18C

DIDEROT 1763

GESSMANN 1906

ALBERTUS 1974

SCHNEIDER 1962

SOMMERHOFF 1701 gives the sigil

for terra damnata.


CAPUT TAURI See COR TAURI


CARBON DIOXIDE

Alc. SCHEFFERS 1775 gives the sigil

for his Acidum aereum, for which BERGMANN 1795 gave the variant :


CARCER

Geo. Sigil for one of the- sixteen geomantie figures :

A multitude of variants (dots, stars, floral devices, etc.) are used to denote the same four-feld arrangement. Carcer, ‘prison’ is linked by AGRIPPA 1531 with the element of Earth, the planet Saturn, and the zodiacal sign Pisces. The following ylyils are derived from the niediaeval tradition, aad ore sometimes used to denote the planet Saturn, as for example in TRITHEMIUS 1503.

AGRIPPA 1531


CARDINAL See CARDINALITY


CARDINAL CROSS

Ast. Sigil introduced, with a complicated supportive rationale, by BAILEY 1934 to represent the four cardinal zodiacal signs (Aries, Cancer, Libra and Capricorn) :


CARDINALITY

Ast . Modern sigil for the cardinal quality, recorded by

DE VORS 1947 :

See also CARDINAL CROSS.


CASK see CUPELLA


CASSEROLE

Alc. Two mediaeval sigils recorced by DIDEROT 1763


CASSIEL

Demon – CASSIEL « lord of all conspirators »

Mag. Three mediaeval siyils for this angel of Saturn recorded by BARRETT 1801 :

thouyh the last sigil is given by TRITHEMIUS 1503 as for ORTPHIEL.

SCHEIBLE 1848 records raany nedianval variants :

See also SPHERE OF SATURN


CASSRIEL

Demon – CASSRIEL of hell’s electorate: « poet »

 

Mag. SCHEIBLE 1848 gives several sigils for this demon :


CASTOR OIL

Alc. BERTHELOT 1885 records an ancient Greek sigil for this liquid :


CAUDA

Ast. Usually the single word caudd refers to aauda draconis (the dragon’s tail) , which was originally an astrological term, cut which is now used in both alchemical and geomantic contexts as well. In the astrological tradition it was intended to denote the Noon’s south NODE, the point at which the descending orbit of the noon intersects the ecliptic. The sigil most commonly used is mediaeval (though derived from the ancient Greek), as given in LILLY 1647 :

The entries below are divided into two parts, the first r being ASTROLOGICAL, the second GEOMANTIC.

ASTROLOGICAL

JANUA 14C

ASTROLOGICAL 15C

BONATTI 15C

CANONES 15C

SIGNIFICATIONES 15C

TABULAE 15C

SCHYNAGEL 1500

ASTROLOGY 17C

STRAGGLING 1824

GEOMANTIC

A basic sigil is given for one of the sixteen geomantic figures, called cauda draconis

A multitude of variant sigils exists (with stars, dots, floral devices, etc.) used to express the same four-fold arrangements. Cauda is linked by AGRIPPA 1531 with the element Fire, and the zodiacal sign Sagittarius. The following sigils are derived from the mediaeval tradition, and are sometimes used in astrological and magical contexts to express the idea of cauda draconis in its astrological sense, as for example in TRITHEMIUS 1503.

AGRIPPA 1531


CAUDA CAPRICORNI

Ast. Mediaeval sigil for the fixed star delta Capricorni , sometimes called Deneb Algedi, given in HERMETIS 13C

 

AGRIPPA 1531 gives a variant which has entered the European occult tradition :


CAUDA LEONIS

Ast . The 12th of the lunar mansions, called Al sarfah in Arabic astrological system, for which MANSIONES 14C gives a mediaeval sigil :

A series of siqils linked with this lunar mansion (called finis Leonis et principis Virginia, and perhaps linked with SPICA) is given for amuletie use by ABANO 1303 :


CAUDA SCORPIONIS

Ast. The 19th of the mediaeval lunar mansions, called Al shaula in the arabic astrological system, a sigil for which is given by MANSIONES 14C :

A sigil linked with this lunar mansion (called finis Scorpionis et caput Sagittarii) is given for amuletie use by ABANO 1303 :


CAUDA URSAE

Ast. Mediaeval stgil for the double star alpha Ursae Minoris, sometimes called Polaris, Stella Polaris, Cynosura or the Pole Star, given by HERMETIS 13C

AGRIPPA 1531 gives a variant which has entered the European occult tradition :

AGRIPPA 1510 gives :

EVANS 1922 (mediaeval) :


CAUSTIC METAL See CALX.


CELANDINE

Alc. BERTHELOT 1885 records an ancient Greek sigil :


CELESTTAL SCRIPT

Occ. A number of secret alphabets, variously called ‘celestial ‘, ‘angelic’ or ‘supercelestial’ , has been recorded in various occult texts, among the most well-known of which is that given

by AGRIPPA 1531 :

The more or leas genuine ‘celestial’ scripts have been derived from the Hebraic alphabet (see HEBRAIC SCRIPT), but some writers, such as RIVIERE 1938 have adapted these for the Roman alphabet. Below is his ‘angeic’ alphabet, compared with his ‘celestial’ :

Wikipedia

celestial-writing-font

alphcelestial

celestial-writing

But see also SECRET SCRIPTS.


CELESTIAL VAPOUR

Alc. The sigil given in the collection of Greek texts by BERTHELOT 1885 relates to aithali ouranou :

which BERTHELOT 1885 translates somewhat materialistically as ‘celestial vapour’ though the form of the -sigil would suqgest something of a spiritual nature – perhaps relating zo the smoke of the pythonic oracles r or even (though more doubtfully) to the atheric forces described in the theosophical tradition.


CEMENT

Alc. In most contexts it is clear that a verbal use is intended by the sigil.

SHELTON 17C

DIDEROT 1763

GESSMANN 1906 records several mediaeval sigils :

SCHNEIDER 1962


CENTRAL POINT See ARCHETYPES.


CERA See WAX.


CERES

Ast. Sigil given by WILSON 1819 for ‘planet’ (in fact an asteroid) in orbit between Mars and Jupiter :

KOCH 1930

SIDGWICK 1973


CERUSSA See WHITE LEAD.


CHALAMINT STONE

Alc. FRANCKLYN 1627


CHALCITE

Alc. The sigil is derived from an .ibbreviatior : of the Greek word recorded by BERTHELOT 1885, and probably relates to copper pyrites :


CHALDEAN SCRIPT

Occ. One of the numerous secret alphabets in the tradition of HEBRAIC SCRIPT. The alphabet recorded here is that given by VIGNERE 1586 :

The alphabet has nothing to do with the historic Chaldean cuneiform, but in mediaeval terminology Chaldean was synonymous with astrologer.


CHALK

Alc. Two mediaeval sigils fire recorded by GESSMANN 1906

FRANCKLYN 1627 qives two sigils for ‘chalk containing gold’ :


CHAOS

Occ. DEE 1564 gives the sigil but see also ELEMNTS and ABYSS.


CHARACTER

Occ. A short-form or abbreviation for character in the sense of ‘sigil’ , and with reference to the planetary ox alcheruical symbols, is found only in manuscripts, as for example in CONJURATION 14C :

There exists a wide range of different sigils referred to in occult literature as « characters’, many of which are listed in this dictionary under the heading of PLANETARY SYMBOLS : but see also CHARACTERS OF ELEMENTS and HERMETIC SIGIL.


CHARACTERS See PLANETARY SYMBOLS.


CHARACTERS OF ELEMENTS

Alc. The following sigils are given by BRAHE 1582 as characters, but these are not intended to act as sigils In the ordinary sense far the relevant elements! they are Intended for simple amuletic use.

AIR :

EARTH :

FIRE :

WATER :

For the traditional forms, see AIR, EARTH, ELEMENTS, FIRE, QUINTESSENCE, THREE AIRS, THREE EARTHS, THREE PIKES, THREE WATERS and WATER.


CHARCOAL

Alc. Two mediaeval sigils given by GESSMANN 1906


CHARIOT

Occ. WIRTH 1927 relates this 7th arcanum of the Tarot pack to the Hebraic ZAIN, and associates with it the sigil

which is the so-called CROSS of Lorraine , which WIRES 1927 sees as the primitive form of the Zain (though a more precise etymology for the graphic vestigial form is that of a ‘decorative staff’ within the Egyptian hieroglyphics). WIRTH 1927 also associates the two sigils

with the arcanum, presumably because these are to be found within the compositional structure of the design.

CHAVAKIAH

Génie 35

vocale :chavakayah
évocation du 20° au 24°59′ de la vierge,
domine les 4° taureau / 16° cancer / 28° vierge / 10° sagittaire / 22° verseau
chaque jour durant 20′, 11h20′ aprés le lever du soleil.
Il règne sur le physique et les actes de ceux qui sont né du 14 au 18 septembre.


CHENOR

Demon – CHENOR « the wish granter »

Mag. sigil used for a spirit (perhaps the original Chaniel) by HEYDON 1664 to represent the letter C in the secret writing called the ‘Alphabet of Angels and Genii’ :


CHERUBIM

Occ. SUCKER 1975 appears to linfc the sigil for Aquarius

with the sphere of the Seraphim, which is traditionally associated with either the ‘sphere’ of the Seraphin or which is traditionally associated with either the ‘sphere’ of the stellatum or with the zodiacal sphere itself. In effect, each of the sigils for the four fixed signs of the zodiac (TAURUS, LEO, SCORPIO and AQUARIUS) could theoretically be used to represent one of the individual cherubs, but must synbolists have recourse to pictorial images, rather than sigils.


CHRIST

Rel . A large number of sigils, roost often involved with the symbolism of the CROSS, have been used to symbolise Christ, and the following consists rnnreiy of a selection taken from occult sources :

SCHEIBLE 1848

BOCK 1931

SHEPHERD 1971

VERARDI 1972

GETTINGS 1978

TESTA 1962 gives a whole series of ‘gnostic Samaritan-Christian’ sigils which might be said to symbolise Christ :

The same source lists also a number of related sigils under CHRISTMON and JESUS, along with

CHASSANT 1884 records a mediaeval range

See also CHRIST TRIUMPHANT.


CHRISTMON

Rel. Very rr.uny mediaeval and modern variants are recorded, most of them relating in effect to CHRIST or CROSS.

KOCH 1930 gives

whilst TESTA 1962 records some early sigils derived from the Judao-Christian tradition :


CHRIST TRIUMPHANT

Rel – A series of sigils recorded by TESTA 1962 relates to a graphic tradition which abbreviates the sign of Victory (N-IC-A) with the V (VAU) of Jesus :

Tne magical alphabet of Anael in SCHEIBLE 1848 gives a sigil for Christ Triumphant :

See also CHRIST, CIIRTSTMON and JESUS.


CHRYSOCOLLA

Alc. Early mediaeval sigil, probably derived from the ancient Greek, recorded by SHEPHERD 1971 for solder of gold :


CHRYSTALLUS

Alc. Two sigils given by SIGNA 17C :


CIMEIES

The 66th spirit is called Cimeies he is a mighty great Marquiz strong & powerfull appearing like a valiant souldier, riding on a goodly Black horse; he ruleth over all spirits in ye part of Africa, his office is to Teach perfectly grammar Rhetoric [&] logick and to discover Treasures & Things lost or hidden, he can make a man seeme like a souldier of his own likeness, he governeth 20 Legions of cheefe [chief] spirits, but more Inferior [than] himself his seal is Thus made, & worne as a Lamin &c.


CINDERS

Alc. WORLIDGE 1651

CROLLIUS 1612

VALENTINE 1671

SIGNA 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701

DIDEROT 1763

GESSMANN 1906

For cinis clavellatis SOMMERHOFF 1701 gives

For cineris saiicis SIGNA 17c gives


CINNABAR

Alc. The common alchemical terra for the red form of mercuric sulphide – thounh the sigil is also used foe the pigment vermilion.

WORLIDGE 1651

CROLLIUS 1612

CROLLIUS 1670

VALENTINE 1671

SHELTON 17C

SIGNA 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701

DIDEROT 1763

GESSMANN 1906

CARBONELLI 1925

LUEDY 1928

SCHNEIDER 1962

BERTHELOT 1885 records two Greek sigils :


CINNABAR OF ANTIMONY

Alc, Two sigils given by DIDEROT 1763 :


CIRCULATING FIRE

Alc. Mediaeval sigils given by GESSMANN 1906, mainly derived from the cocimon sigil for FIRE :


CIRCULUS DUPLEX

Occ . Sigil given by HERMES 1613 in a series of graphic occult structures :

The duplex symbolises the idea of spiritual growth – an inner quality is protected within the nutrient of a shielding outer quality. The sigil may also be interpreted as being symbolic of the alchemical process itself.


CLAVIS

Occ. Sigil derived from Dee’s MONAD by Boehme, and called by him ‘the Sevan Forms of Spirit’ relating to his Wirende Eigenschaften (see MUSES 1951) :

The sigil combines the ‘Seven Forms’ of the seven planets :

Saturn-Moon which qives ‘Harsh desiring will’ :

Mercury-Jupiter which gives ‘Bitter or stinging’ :

Mars-Venus which gives ‘Anguish till the « flash of Fire » ‘ :

Sun which itself represents the ‘flash of Fire’ and the ‘Fire World’ :

Venus-Mars which gives ‘Light or Love, where the water of Eternal Life flows’ :

Jupiter-Mercury which oives ‘Noise, sound or Mercury’ :

Moon-Saturn which gives ‘Substance of Nature’ :

MUSES 1951 presents variants of these, according to Freher, in the order given above, but with a nore thorough interpretation and with the sigillic forms :

See also LAW 1772.


COAGULATE

Alc. The sigils below, all of which are mediaeval in origin, refer to the verbal use of the word. But see also COAGULATION

WORLIDGE 1651

ALCHEMY 1650

VALENTINE 1671

DIDEROT 1763

LUEDY 1928


COAGULATION

Alc. Sigil given by GEHEIME 1785 for the alchemical process of ‘thickening substances’ :

SIGNA 17C

GESSMANN 1906

See DISSOLVE.


COBALT

Alc. ALCHEMICAL 17C

SCHEFFERS 1775

BERGMANN 1785

GESSMANN 1906

LUEDY 1928

SCHNEIDER 1962


COHABITIO

Alc. The word refers to an alchemical process.

WORLIDGE 1651

ALCHEMY 1650


COLCOTHARUM

Alc. Mediaeval sigils given by GESSMANN 1906


COMET

Ast. Modern sigil recorded by SHEPHERD 1071 :


COMMISTIO See MIX


COMMON SALT See SALT


COMPOSE

Alc. SOMMERHOFF 1701 gives the form


COMPOSITION

Alc. An ancient Greek sigil is given by BERTHELOT 1885 :


CONCENTRATED SPIRIT OF WINE

Alc. GESSMANN 1906


CONCH

Alc. SOMMERHOFF 1701


CONDENSED VAPOUR

Alc. An ancient Greek sigil is recorded by BERTHELOT 1885 :


CONGEAL

Alc. DIDEROT 1763


CONGELATION

Alc. MICHAELSPACHER 1616 gives the sigil

next to the sign or constellation Taurus, either to symbolise the alchemical process of Congelation, or (less likely) the alchemical Bitumen.


CONJUNCTIO

Geo. Sigil for one of the sixteen geomantic figures :

A multitude of variants (stars, dots, floral devices, etc.) is used to denote the same four-fold arrangement. Conjunctio is linked by AGRIPPA 1531 with the element of Air, the planet Mercury and the zodiacal sign Virgo. The following sigils are derived from late-mediaeval sources, and are sometimes used to denote the planet Mercury, as for example in TRITHEMIUS 1503

AGRIPPA 1531


CONJUNCTION

Ast. An aspect in which two or more planets are in the game degree of the zodiac. The common form o£ the sigil is precisely that found in mediaeval manuscripts, as for example in SIGILLIS 17C

ASTROLOGICAL 15C

KALENDAR 15C

HOROSCOPE 1614

A series of individual sigils, intended to denote particular planetary conjunctions has been given by AGRIPPA 1510 :

SATURN AND JUPITER :

SATURN AND MARS :

JUPITER AND MARS

SATURN, JUPITER AND MARS :


CONSTRUCTION

Occ. A modern sigil given by CIRL.OT 1962 to represent ‘the constructive principle within totality’ , symbolised by the TERNARY acting upon the QUATERNARY within INFINITY, thus :


CONVERT

Alc. Sigils used only in descriptions of alchemical processes in the mediaeval form given by GESSMANN 1906 :


COOPERTA

Ast. Fifteenth of the mediaeval lunar mansions, called Al Ghafr in the Arabic astrological system, given by MANSIONES 14C :


COPPER

Alc. Since the occult theory of signatures links copper with the planet VENUS, virtually any of the sigils for this planet may also bo used to denote the metal in an alchemical context. The following sigils appear to have been used specifically to denote the metal :

SHELTON

SIGNA 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701 gives the series of sigils

and notes also that this is the corpus inmundum et imperfectum, an idea related to the esoteric astrological tradition regarding the planet Venus. Additionally, SOMMERHOFF 1701 gives

DALTON 1808

GESSMANN 1906

SHEPHERD 1971

The following sigils have been recorded by GESSMANN 1906, relating to the alchemical copper :

COPPER CRYSTAL

COPPER IRON

COPPER ORE

COPPER PLATE

COPPER SPLINT

BERTHELOT 1885 gives an ancient Greek form for cyprus copper

and one for copper ore

in addition to two sigils from chalkos

and two for copper pure :

WORLIDGE 1651 gives the following list, among which may be one or two dubious forms


COPPERAS

Alc. Term generally applied in alchemical texts to the sulchates of copper, iron and zinc (blue, green and white copperas, respectively), but now generally applied to the iron sulphates, also called green VITRIOL. Another term is WHITE VITRIOL.

Coppervater is another general term, for which ONOMASTICUM 1574 gives :

BERTHELOT 1865 records the Greek form

which is derived from the abbreviation of chalcanthos.


COPPER CALCINATE

Alc. BERTHELOT 1885 records an ancient Greek sigil which is identical to that used for ordinary COPPER :


COPPER FILINGS

Alc. Two sigil s common used in the mediaeval period for COPPER are listed by BERTHELOT 1885 from ancient Greek texts as demoting copper-filings :


COPPER LEAF

Alc. BERTHELOT 1885 records two ancient Greek sigils which were used fcr copper leaf :


COPPER ORE

Alc. BERTHELOT 1885 gives an ancient Greek sigil which was still in use during the mediaeval period, though sometimes used for COPPER :


COPPER WATER See COPPERAS


CORAL

Alc. DIDEROT 1763

BERTHELOT 1885 records the Greek alchemical sigil


COR LEONIS

Ast. Mediaeval sigil for the triple star alpha Leonis, sometimes called ‘the little king’, given in HERMETIS 13C

AGRIPPA 1510

EVANS 1922


CORNUA ARIETIS

Ast . First of the mediaeval lunar mansions, called Al Sharatain in the Arabic astrological system, far which a sigil has been recorded by MANSIONES 14C :

A sigil linked with this mansion, but used for amuletic purposes, is recorded by ABANO 1303 :


CORNUA SCORPIONIS

Ast. The 16th of the mediaeval Lunar mansions, called Al Jubana in the Arabic astrological system, a sigil for which is given by MANSIONES 14C :


CORONA

Ast. The 17th of the mediaeval lunar mansions, called Iklil al Jabhah in the Arabic astrological system, for which a sigil is given by MANSIONES 14C :

A sigil designed far amuletic use, and linked with this mansion (called finis Libri) is given by ABANO 1303 :


CORPUS See BODY


COR SCORPIONIS

Ast. Mediaeval sigil for the binary alpha Scorpii, sometimes called Antares, given by HERMETIS 13C :

AGRIPPA 1510 gives a variant which has become the commonly accepted sigil :

EVANS 1922

The same name is used also for the 18th of the mediaeval lunar mansions, (called Al Kalb in the Arabic astrological system), and a sigil for this is recorcea by MANSIONES 14C :


COR TAURI

Ast. The fourth of the mediaeval lunar mansions, called Al Dabaran, in the Arabic astroloqical system, a sigil for which is given by MANSIONES 14C :

But see also ALDEBARAN.

A sigil clearly linked with this fourth mansion, but called Caput tauri et venter, is given an amuletic use by ABANO 1303 :

The mansion called Caput Tauri is the third of the lunar nansions, and is given the sigil

by MANSIONES 14C, and the amuletic sigil

by ABANO 1303 , who terms it finis Arietis.


COSMIC EGG

Occ. In his account of Tarat symbolism, WIRTH 1927 gives the sigil frequently used for CANCER

as the ‘fecundated cosmic egg’ of the Chinese. See also PHILOSOPHIC EGG.


COSMOS

Occ. Sigil derived by WELLING 1735 to symbolise the complete universal character of light and darkness working together :

HOMER 1723 gives the two sigils

as the last in the chain of God’s coming into being, the so-called Golden Chain, representative of the Cosmos, as opposed to the CHAOS at the beginning of the chain.


COVERED POT

Alc. CROLLIUS 1670

But see CRUCIBLE.


CREATION

Occ. A sigil given by WELLING 1735 is taken to symbolise the six days of Creation, or the elements as an outflow of the Divine Fire of the Godhead :

BLAVATSKY 1888 gives the simple sigil

along with a profoundly esoteric account of the relationship between the sign TAURUS and the PLEIADES in the constellation of that name, which she terms (in full accordance with the Cabbalistic tradition) the sideral septenate, which manifests from the concealed

The relationship between the ‘invisible’ creative force of the sign Aries and the manifestation of the ‘matter’ of Taurus is also given a sigil lie form by SUCHER 1975 in his highly personal graphic symbolism.

He claims that the creative force of Aries of may

in a symbolic Sense’ be read as the TAU form :

But see also SACRIFICE.

A further attempt to symbolise in graphic form the idea of creation has been made by KOCH 1930, with a sigil which is (among other things) unfortunately an ancient sigil for the earth :


CREATIVE INTELLECT

Occ. A somewhat personal sigil, based on the common sigil for the element FIRE, is given by KOCH 1930 :


CREATIVE POTENCY

Occ : BLAVATSKY 1877 gives the sigil

to cover the idea of latent creativity, but see also CREATION, ONE and ORIGIN.


CROCUS

Alc. The siqil is restricted to the substance used in the alchemical processes, and has no botanic implication.

BERTHELOT 1885 records a Greek sigil :

DIDEROT 1763

LUEDY 1928

SOMMERHOFF 1701 gives the following sigils for ‘flowers of crocus, crocus aramaticus (See SAFFRON FLOWER)

See CROCUS MARTIS and CROCUS VENERIS.


CROCUS ANTIMONY

Alc. GESSMANN 1906


CROCUS AKOMATICUS See CROCUS and SAFFRON FLOWER


CROCUS MAHTIS

Alc. WORLIDGE 1651

ALCHYMIA 1563

CROLLIUS 1670

ALCHEMICAL 17C

SHELTON 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701

SIGNA 17C

DIDEROT 1763

GESSMANN 1906

 

.

SCHNEIDER 1962


CROCUS METALLORUM

Alc. SOMMERHOFF 1701


CROCUS VENERIS

Alc. This alchemical substance is generally regarded as being the same as AES USTUM, but the sigillic tradition would suggest that this was not always the case.

VALENTINE 1671

FRESNE 1688

SIGNA 17C

SOMMERHOFF 1701

DIDEROT 1763

GESSMANN 1906

CARBONELLI 1925

LUEDY 1928


CROSS

Rel. Along wiLh the related SWASTIKA, this is one of the oldest of slgils, almost universal in use and application, in her study of the ancient symbolic language, BLAVATSKY 1888 gives much space to the cross, which she sees as being derived from the union of male and Female, Spirit and Matter, this meeting being ‘the emblem of life stomal in spirit on its ascending arc, and in matter as the ever resurrecting element – by procreation and reproduction’. The spiritual male is the vertical line whilst the differentiated matter-line is the horizontal The former is said to be invisible, the latter on the plane of objective perception. BLAVATSKY 1888 gives also the sigil

as the ‘astronomical cross of Egypt’, but the Tau-Cross which is reversed and encircled is discussed in its esoteric connexion with the crucifixion of CHRIST, for a simple version of this sigil is the Rose Cross :

A large number of variant sigils is recorded in occult sources, in addition to the standard forms listed by traditional names below. For example, a tree-cross given by VERARDI 1972 is said tc unite the three worlds of the Celestial, Terrestrial and Infernal :

TESTA 1972 reproduces many early Christian cross sigils, among which are the axe-cross, tau-cross and the curious hampt-cross, all of which are listed below. TESTA 1962 also reproduces the various cross-forms given in the famous Poem XIX by Paulinus of Nola, of which the following are out of the ordinary :

 

The following alphabetical list of cross-names does not give sources simply because thtsy are so commons they have all at one time or another appeared : in occult sources.

AXE-CROSS

BOTOMMEE

CELTIC

CHEVRON

CLEVES

COMMISSA

COPTIC

CROSSLET

DECUSSATA

EGYPTIAN

FLEURY

GAMMADA

GNOSTIC

GREEK

HAMPT

LATIN

LORRAINE

MALTESE

MOLINE

PAPAL

PATEE

 

PATEE FITCHEE

POMEE

POTENT

RUSSIAN

ST ANDREW

ST ANTHONY

ST PETER

TAU

THIEVES

TREFLEE

VOIDED

See also CHRIST, CIIRTSTMON and CHRIST TRIUMPHANT.


CROSSING THE RIVER See TRANSITUS FLUVII


CROSSWHEEL

Occ. The third of Hoehme’s Divine Outpourings in the ‘becoming of God’, described as the ‘first matter of all sublunary bodies’ in HOMER 1723 :

But see HOMER’S GOLDEN CHAIN.


CRUCIBLE

Alc. The most common mediaeval sigils are vestigial drawings of containers, but WORLIDGE 1651 gives :

VALENTINE 1671

SOMMERHOFF 1701

DIDEROT 1763

SCHNEIDER 1962

ALBERTUS 1974

BERTHELOT 1885 records an ancient Greek sigil :

See also AHENUM, CUPELLA and TIGILLUM


CRUDE METAL

Alc. ALCHEMICAL 17C

See also BRASS.


CRUDE WINE ACID

Alc. A sigil given by GESSYANN 1906 is probably late mediaeval :


CRYSTAL

Mag. ALCHEMY 1650

DIDEROT 1763

SHEFFERS 1775

GESSMANN 1906

SCHNEIDER 1962

ALBERTUS 1974

SCHEFFERS 1775 gives the sigil

for crystalii Lunae.


CRYSTALLISED VERDIGRIS

Alc. A number of mediaeval sigils are recorded by GESSMANN 1906


CRYSTAL OF SATURN

Alc. DIDEROT 1763


CUCURBITA

Alc. WORLIDGE 1651

LUEDY 1928

SCHNEIDER 1962 gives the sigil

and for cucurbita coeca :

See also BOILER


CUPELLA

Alc. SOMMERHOFF 1701 gives the sigils

capella, ‘the container in which separation of the impure from the pure metals takes place’.

The sigil given by SIGNA 17C is probably intended to symbolise the wooden cask or cupula :

(But see CUPELLATION)

SIGNA 17C gives sigils for cupellare, which probably refer to the idea of « cask lug in a wooden tub’ :


CUPELLATION

Alc. BEHTHELOT 1885 records two Greek variants, both short-forms for the Greek word used to designate the process of testing or assaying or refining (precious) metals in a cupel :

CYPRUS COPPER See COPPER.


Draculum

 


Raymond MARTIN-FABER